The Importance of Water Quality
Health is an increasingly important topic all around the world. One of the recommendations you often hear is that you should drink eight eight-ounce glasses of water per day, especially in the desert of Phoenix AZ. However, while quantity is important, the quality of the water is even more so. After all, when we drink eight glasses of water that have not been properly treated and filtered, we are voluntarily inviting 64 ounces of potential impurities into our bodies.
The United States Environmental Protection Agency generally considers water sourced from public suppliers to be safe. However, as the Flint Crisis showed America, this is not always the case. Even worse, stories of lead-contaminated water have since popped up in other cities, such as Chicago, Baltimore, and Detroit.
To add to this, CNN discovered that 5,300 water systems have deviated from the EPA’s rules on lead in the water. In fact, here are just a few of the contaminants public water suppliers don’t test for at all:
- Chemicals used for farming, such as herbicides and pesticides
- Household chemicals, including disinfectants and shampoos
- Pharmaceutical drugs, such as antidepressants and antibiotics
- Synthetic hormones, such as those found in low-dose oral contraceptives
How Public Water Is Recycled or Cleaned for Human Use
Most people will remember the water cycle chart in elementary school. In its simplest form, the sun shines, water evaporates and condenses as clouds, and then the cloud returns water to the earth in the form of rain, hail or snow. Our drinking water follows the same cycle, but there are some additions in order to recycle and/or purify water for human use and consumption.
According to the CDC, there are four main steps that water treatment plants follow to ensure the water in your pipes is safe:
- Coagulation and Flocculation
How Publicly Supplied Water Becomes Contaminated
In Phoenix, almost half of our water comes from Lake Mead, which is a surface water source. About 44 percent also comes from groundwater. Surface water includes not just lakes, but all water bodies that you can see, such as rivers and reservoirs. And, as the name implies, groundwater is beneath the surface of the earth.
Unfortunately, there are many human activities that lead to the contamination of water, and neither nature’s water cycle nor humans’ water recycling removes them all. Here are a few human sources of water pollution:
- Contaminated soil in landfills, which later contaminates groundwater
- Water runoff from areas used for mining, manufacturing, and agriculture
- Improperly discarding of waste, especially from humans and livestock
- Altering the land’s surface for residential and commercial development
How to Fix the Problem
Proactive Phoenicians are now taking the safety of their residential water into their own hands. Luckily, at Day & Night Air, we provide two main options for our clients to choose from. We highly recommend three main options, water softeners, such as those made by Ultima reverse osmosis systems made by Ultima and Enviro, as well as the water conditioners made by Enviro. For details on how water softeners and reverse osmosis help to purify your tap water, see below.
How Water Softeners Work
Typically, there is a tank in your water softener containing resin beads that are coated with potassium or sodium ions. When hard water passes through this tank, the existing calcium and magnesium ions are replaced by potassium or sodium ions. This process softens the water.
A control valve then charges the magnesium and calcium trapped in the beans with brine, which is a solution of salt and water. This creates a regeneration process, freeing the magnesium and calcium from the beads, and replacing them once more with potassium or sodium ions. The system is then ready for another round of softening water.
In order for regeneration to occur, however, there must be a system in place to power the valve. There are three main types of systems in place to achieve this.
Computerized controls are the most commonly used. These systems self-regulate based on water usage. So, for instance, if the kids are away for the holidays or a lot of guests swing by, the control will adjust accordingly. Because of this, it is the most efficient control you can choose.
Timer controlled valves are often not as effective or efficient as computerized versions. Setting the regeneration process on a timer may lead to impurities making their way through anyway, when the usage of water in a short span of time was more than the valve accounted for.
Manually controlled valves are rare, but they do exist. While this can be both efficient and effective, ultimately this will depend on how often you remember to pull the lever.
The process of reverse osmosis is a lot simpler than the name would have you believe. It works like this. When you turn on your tap, the pressure is released and water rushes towards the opening. Before the actual opening will be a semi-permeable membrane. This membrane allows some particles through but blocks others.
As the water passes through this membrane, it blocks many of the pollutants that we would otherwise cook or bathe with. Some common contaminants filtered out by this process include the following:
- Nitrates and sulfates
Benefits of Investing in High-Quality Water
Naturally, using treatment services to soften and filter your tap water has a wealth of benefits for homeowners and property managers. Here are a few of these, below:
Keeps You Healthy
Pure water will help to flush toxins from our bodies, rather than introduce new ones. Fewer contaminants in the water also decreases the likelihood of developing water-borne illnesses and becoming sick.
You Spend Less Time Cleaning
Residue from hard water can reduce your cleaning efforts to nil. Not only is the residue difficult to remove from bathtubs, shower stalls, toilet bowls, and sinks, but when you do get it off, it doesn’t stay away for long. Softening the water helps to reduce this problem, and therefore how much time you spend cleaning.
People with sensitive skin may itch after bathing in hard water. Because hard water is also more difficult to create a lather, it can take away from that super clean feeling you would otherwise have after taking a shower and washing your hair.
Fixtures and Appliances Last Longer
Hard water can take a serious toll on your fixtures and appliances because it has more particulates. Over time, this leads to the buildup that can cause corrosion and overall damage to your investment, prompting the need for expensive repairs and replacements.
Some homeowners and business owners may tackle poor water quality by buying more bottled water. However, the cost of purchasing bottled water does add up. Also, plastic is a contaminant, so the less of it we use, the better.
The Water Treatment Products We Use
At Day & Night Air, we know that the only way to ensure you truly enjoy all the benefits listed above is by using the highest quality products. There are plenty of companies out there profiting from the vigilance of Americans without providing actual results, so here are just some of the products we stand by and why we recommend them to you.
- Certified by the DVGW to prevent 99.6 percent of scale
- Certified by the IAPMO to cut chlorine by 97 percent
- Salt and chemical free
- No wasted water or harmful discharge
- Lifetime warranty
- Filters out harmful contaminants without losing minerals
- Clean water straight from the kitchen tap
- Easy annual maintenance
- No-mess sump removal
- Certified by the NSF
- 3.2-gallon tank included
- Filters up to 100 gallons of water daily
- Up to stages of filtration
- Assembled and tested right here in Arizona
- Easy to install
- Built to order to meet specific needs
- 300 to 10,000 GPD systems available
- Tracks full water usage history
- Easy to use
- Includes bypass (plastic or stainless steel)
- Battery backup to protect against power outages
- Initiated on demand to save you money
- Easily programmable to meet specific needs
- The electronic system retains information even after a power outage
- External by-pass valve included
Why You Should Choose a Whole-House Filtration System
As the name suggests, this system provides filtered water for all showers and faucets throughout an entire home or business. To do this, the filtration system is installed at the point of entry for water to the property, instead of just attaching it to one or two taps. This makes it easier for the benefits of high-quality water to be realized on a full scale. After all, installing a filtration system on the kitchen tap alone will not help to protect the washing machine, water heater, and metal pipes from further damage.
If you’re tired of fighting a losing battle with residential water or believe your water may be contaminated, it’s time to consider looking into water treatment systems. The EPA advises that it is difficult to test for water pollutants on your own. Because of this, we recommend you work with a trusted water treatment company such as Day & Night Air, who has the knowledge and experience you can count on to provide your home and family with the highest quality water in the Phoenix Valley.
Give us a call and we will help you pick the best water treatment solutions for your home.